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The Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
State Teachers College 

at 
Salem, Massachusetts 




1954-1956 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Faculty .... 
History .... 
The Salem Purpose 
Student Activities 
Requirements for Admission 
Length of Courses and Degrees 
Requirements for Promotion and Graduation 
Curricula ....... 

Elementary ...... 

Junior High School . 

Business Education . 

Description of Courses 

Departments: 

Art 

Business 
Earth Science 
Education 
English 
French 
Handwriting 
Mathematics 
Music . 

Physical Education 
Science 
Social Science 
Speech 



Page 

5 
7 
8 
9 
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12 
13 
16 
16 
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18 
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29 
31 
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39 



THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS 
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 



STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

at 

SALEM 



Founded in 1854 




Accredited by: American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education 

Member of: New England Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools 

Member of: New England Teacher-Preparation Association 
Eastern States Association of Professional Schools for Teachers 



Publication of this Document Approved by George J. Cronin, State Purchasing Agent. 
Ed-STC-Salem 5. 1M-6-55-915353 



THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 



BOARD OF EDUCATION 

DR. LEO C. DONAHUE, Chairman . 

DR. WILLIAM E. PARK, Vice Chairman . 

MR. JOHN W. McDEVITT, Secretary 

MRS. JULIA M. FULLER .... 

MR. G. JOHN GREGORY .... 

DR. OWEN B. KIERNAN .... 

RT. REV. MSGR. CORNELIUS T. H. SHERLOCK 

MRS. ALICE LYONS 

DR. ALEXANDER BRIN 



Somerville 

Northfield 

Waltham 

Springfield 

Boston 

Milton 

Boston 

Boston 

Boston 



JOHN J. DESMOND, JR., Commissioner of Education 

Division of State Teachers Colleges 

DR. PATRICK J. SULLIVAN, Director 

DR. JOHN F. BOWLER, Assistant Director 

PAUL W. KNIGHT, Business Agent 



PERSONNEL STAFF 



ANN K. CLARK . 

State Normal School at Salem 

MARY M. O'KEEFFE . 

MARGARET C. MORRISON . 

DOREEN T. POITRAS . 

ARTHUR W. O'NEIL . 
Tufts College — M.D. 

MARGARET D. WELCH 
Tufts College — M.D. 

GERTRUDE R. WILLIAMS . 
Carney Hospital — R.N. 



Registrar 

Secretary 

Bookkeeper 

Clerk 

College Physician 

College Physician 

Collece Nurse 



FACULTY 

Frederick A. Meier, B.S., M.S., D.H.S., President 

James T. Amsler, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. 



Mildred Berman, B.S.Ed., M.A. . 
Gertrude Burnham, B.A., M.A. . 
Francis E. Gallon, B.S. Ed., B.S.L.S. 
Mary E. Casey, B.S.Ed., M.A. 
Timothy F. Clifford, B.A., M.A. . 
Earle S. Collins, B.A., M. Ed. 
Margaret W. Dower, B.A., M.A. 
AdeEe M. Driscoll, B.S.Ed., M.Ed., Ed.D 
J. Clifford Geer, B.S., M.Ed. 
Serena G. Hall, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 
Roger A. Hardy, B.S., M.B.A. . 
D. Francis Harrigan, Jr., B.S.Ed. 
Leo F. Hennessey, B.A., M.Ed., Ph.D. 
Winifred H. Higgins, B.S.Ed., M.A. 
Lillian M. Hoff, B.S., M.A. 



Bruce F. Jeffery, B.B.A., M.C.S., LL.B., Head of Business Education Department, Education 



James P. Jones, B.A., M.A. 

Mary M. Jones, B.S.Ed., M.A., Ed.D. 

Helen J. Keily, B.B.A., M.Ed., Ed.D. 

Charles F. Kiefer, Jr., B.S.Ed., M.A. 

Lawrence T. Lowrey, Ph.B. 

Helen T. Mackey, B.S., M.Ed., Ed.D. 

Marion S. Marshall, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. 

Edna M. McGlynn, B.A., M.A,, Ph.D. 

George F. Moody, B.S.Ed., M.A., LL.B. 

Viola I. Munyan, B.S.Ed., M.S. . 

Stephen Panosian, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. 

V. John Rikkola, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. . 

Richard H. Rockett, B.A., M.Ed., LL.B. 

^Leon H. Rockwell, B.S., M.A. 

Thomas I. Ryan, A.B.M.S. 

Paul V. Salley, B.S.Ed., M.A. 

Grant W. Seibert, B.A., M.S. 

J. Raymond Silva, B.A., M.Ed. 

Janet Smith, B.A., B.S., M.C.S. 

Mildred B Stone, B.S.Ed., M.A. 

James B. Sullivan, B.A., M.S., Ph.D 

Joseph A. Sullivan, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. 

Mira Wallace, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. . 
Beatrice Witham, B.S., M.Ed. . 



Education 

Earth Science 

English 

Assistant Librarian 

English 

Music 

Physical Science 

Social Science 

Education 

Physical Science 

English 

Business Education 

Handwriting 

Education 

Art 

Speech 



Earth Science, Social Science 
. English 
Dean of Studies, Guidance 
. Social Science 
Dean of Men, Logic, Physical Education 
Assistant Dean of Women, Physical Education 
Business Education, Speech 
. Social Science 
Director of Training, Education 
Education 
Music, Art, Handwriting 
Education 
Business Law, French, Speech 
Education 
Biological Science 
. Earth Science 
Librarian 
History, Mathematics 
Dean of Women, Business Education 

Mathematics 
Director of Admissions, Biological Science 

Business Education 
Physical Education 
. Business Education 



15] 



The Training School 
V. John Rikkola, B.S.Ed., M.Ed., Principal 



James T. Amsler, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. 

Doris A. Cambridge, B.S.Ed. 

Mary V. Hourihan, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. 

Minerva M. Hudgins, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. 

Agnes E. McCourt, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. 

Viola I. Munyan, B.S.Ed., M.S. . 

William A. Rich, B.S.Ed., M.A. . 

Esther L. Small, State Normal School, Salem 

Ruth L. Southwick, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. 

Dorothy B. Stanley, B.S.Ed., M.Ed. . 

Beulah M. Sweetser, Wheelock Normal School 



. Practical Arts 

Supervisor. Grade Four 

Supervisor, Grade Five 

Supervisor, Grade Six 

Supervisor, Grade One 

Home Economics 

Supervisor, Grade Eight 

Supervisor, Grade Seven 

Supervisor, Grade Three 

Supervisor, Grade Two 

Kindergarten 



HISTORY 

In 1854 Horace Mann selected Richard Edwards to initiate a school 
in Salem for the preparation of teachers. Dr. Edwards gave three years of 
excellent leadership here before going back to his native mid-west to head 
the Illinois State Normal University. Dr. Edwards came from Bridgewater 
Normal School where he had worked with Horace Mann who was then in 
his most active days of beginning teacher education in America. To succeed 
Dr. Edwards in 1 857 came Alpheus Crosby, a professor of Greek at Dartmouth. 
Dr. Crosby planted deeply in the tradition of Salem the importance of scholar- 
ship, and he is particularly remembered for his courage and strength cf con- 
viction during the Civil War. In 1865 he retired from the work of preparing 
teachers to become the editor of a newspaper, The Right- of Way. 

Dr. Daniel B. Hagar came to Salem in 1865 and served for thirty-one 
years. Under Dr. Hagar came the development of many methods, practice 
teaching for the Normal School student, and the use of the facilities of the 
Essex Institute and Peabody Academy of Science in the teacher-training 
program. As editor of The Massachusetts Teacher he placed Salem in a 
position of leadership in the profession and his personal influence still lives 
in the hearts of his pupils. Dr. Walter Beckwith succeeded Dr. Hagar, coming 
in 1896 and serving until 1905. It was during his administration that the 
Normal School moved from Broad Street to its present site. Dr. Beckwith 
kept pace with advances in teacher training. 

In 1906 Dr. J. Asbury Pitman began his career of service to the cause 
of teacher education at Salem. Many significant advances took place under 
his direct and forceful leadership, among them the change from a Normal 
School to a Teachers College, the establishment of the now-flourishing depart- 
ment of Business Education, the inauguration of the Junior High School 
Department, and the employment of a training school principal. Dr. Pitman's 
dynamic influence was felt by all who came under his direction. 

Mr. Edward A. Sullivan came to the College in 1937. Under Mr. Sullivan 
came expansion and accreditation by National and Regional Associations. 
It is apparent to one who looks objectively at the college today that Mr. 
Sullivan's warm personality and wisdom have contributed immeasurably to 
the flourishing state of growth in which the college begins its second century. 



7] 



THE SALEM PURPOSE 

Subscribed to by the president and 
faculty of the State Teachers College at Salem 

Education is the organized development of all the powers of a human 
being — spiritual, intellectual, emotional, social, and physical. This devel- 
opment should be brought about by providing experiences which foster such 
knowledges, appreciations, and habits as will yield a character equal to the 
demands of existence in a democratic society. 

Presupposing competent administration, the quality of a school depends 
essentially upon the quality of its faculty. Curricula, methods, and proce- 
dures are important, but these ultimately reflect the preparation, character, 
and personality of the classroom staff. Therefore, school authorities should 
strive by all possible means to secure as teachers men and women who are 
both broadly trained and adequately equipped in their fields, who possess 
the intellectual and moral prerequisites for their positions, who have a 
sympathetic understanding of and respect for young people, and who are 
sincerely devoted to the best interests of their own students. Such teachers 
always produce good schools. Good schools are axiomatically an invaluable 
instrument in civilized living. 

The State Teachers College at Salem, Massachusetts is a tax-supported 
institution, accredited in the field of teacher preparation, and offering cul- 
tural and professional training of high quality. Our primary duty is to 
furnish teachers for service in the Commonwealth. We make every effort 
to discover, conserve, and develop the potentially superior student, and to 
bring to fruition his abilities for constructive accomplishment in public educa- 
tion. These ends are achieved through classroom instruction, individual and 
group guidance, and such extracurricular activities as the cooperative asso- 
ciation, dramatics, forensics, journalism, club work, and other social and 
leisure-time projects. The college is selective in that only the worthy may 
be graduated. 

Since we function under the auspices of the State, our institution has 
an unusual opportunity to disseminate the advantages of higher learning. 
It recognizes no parochial limitations, but seeks rather to extend its area 
of service as widely as possible. It encourages participation by faculty and 
students in programs of educational and social betterment sponsored by 
other progress-minded groups. It provides in-service and reorientation train- 
ing through the medium of extension courses, because it recognizes a 
responsibility to teachers who feel the need of further supervised study or 
who realize that refresher work is imperative if they are to interpret modern 
life intelligently and exercise a salutaiy influence on the thinking and ideals 
of American youth. 



8 



STUDENT ACTIVITES 

General Statement — A varied program of activities is carried on at 
the college with a fourfold purpose: recreation, social enjoyment, cultural 
opportunities, and training in leadership. There are so many clubs and 
groups that every student should be able to find one from which he may 
derive pleasure and profit. Besides, he will find his experience valuable when 
he assumes responsibility as a teacher in the activities program of his school. 

College Bookstore 

College Choir 

The Cooperative Council 

Deans' Aides 

Dramatic Club 

Earth Science Club 

Future Teachers of America 

Glee Club 

The International Relations Club 

The Log 

The Arts and Crafts Club 

Association for Childhood Education 

Book Club 

The John Burroughs Club 

The Business Education Council 

Camera and Audio-Visual Club 

Men's Athletic Association 

Pitman Debating Scciety 

Tri-Mu 

Women's Athletic Association 



REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION 

I. Application for Admission. Every candidate for admission to a teachers 
college is required to fill out a blank entitled "APPLICATION FOR ADMIS- 
SION TO A STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE" and send it to the President 
of the Teachers College of his choice. This blank may be obtained at the 
high school or the teachers college and may be filed after January 1 of the 
year in which the candidate desires to enter. The blank should be filed not 
later than one week before the date set for the next scholastic aptitude test. 
Applications will be accepted later, but, in any of the Teachers Colleges 
where waiting lists are established, as explained in VI, candidates applying 
after this date will be placed on waiting lists following the next administra- 
tion of the examinations. 

II. Blank to be Filed by the High School Principal. The principal of the 
high school is expected to fill out a blank giving the "HIGH SCHOOL REC- 
ORD" for each year and "RATINGS OF PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS" 
and send it to the President of the Teachers College. 

III. General Qualifications. Every candidate for admission as a regular 
student must meet the following requirements: 



1. Health. The candidate must be in good physical condition and 
free from any disease, infirmity, or other defect which would render him unfit 
for public school teaching. A statement from the family physician and 
examination by the college physician are required evidences in this regard. 

2. High School Graduation. The candidate must be a graduate of a 
standard four-year high school, or have equivalent preparation. 

3 Completion of Fifteen Units of High School Work. The HIGH 
SCHOOL RECORD" must show the completion of fifteen units accepted by 
the high school in fulfillment of graduation requirements or the candidate 
must present evidence of equivalent preparation. 

"A unit represents a year's study in any subject of a secondary school 
so planned as to constitute approximately one-fourth of a full year of work 
for a pupil of normal ability. To count as a unit, the recitation periods shall 
aggregate approximately 120 sixty-minute hours. Time occupied by shop 
or laboratory work counts one-half as much as time in recitation." 

4. Personal Characteristics. The "RATING OF PERSONAL CHAR- 
ACTERISTICS" and the moral character of the candidate must, in the judg- 
ment of the President of the Teachers College, warrant the admission of the 
candidate. 

IV. Scholarship Requirements for Admission by Certificate. (For admission 
by Examination, see V). Of the 15 units presented for admission 12 must 
be selected from Number 2 following and must include the 7 units listed in 
this paragraph as "Prescribed." The additional 3 units required may con- 
sist of any work which the high school accepts in partial fulfillment of its 
graduation requirements. 

1 Prescribed (7 Units). 

English ...... 3 units 



American History and Civics 

Algebra .... 

Geometry 

Science .... 



1 unit 

1 unit 

1 unit 

1 unit 



2. Distribution of Units for Certified Applicants. 

The units must be so distributed that the number offered in any field, 
including the prescribed units, shall not be more than the following: English, 
3 units; Social Studies, 4 units; Science, 3 units; Foreign Language, 5 units 
(no credit accepted for less than 2 units of any one language); Mathematics, 
3 units; Business Subjects, 2 units**; Fine and Practical Arts, 2 units**; 
Home Economics, 2 units**; and Physical Education, 1 unit.*** 

3. Admission by Certificate. 

The privilege of certification is extended to public and private schools 
and academies in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The Teachers Col- 

* Only one unit of Mathematics is required for admission to the Business Education course at 
the State Teachers'College at Salem. 

* In these fields one additional unit beyond the maximum may be granted as follows: In 
Business Education, Home Economics, Industrial Arts, Art and Music to candidates applying 
respectively for admission to the Business Education course at Salem, the Home Economics 
course at Framingham, the Industrial Arts course at Fitchburg, all courses in the Massachusetts 
School of Art, and the Music course at Lowell. 

* One unit granted for the Physical Education course at Bridgewater only. 

1101 



leges will accept the certificating grade regularly established by the individ- 
ual school for college entrance. Units of certification will be determined on 
the same basis as units of credit, subject to the restrictions of this bulletin. 
The Department of Education reserves the right to withdraw the priv- 
ilege of certification from any institution when its students fail to measure 
up to the standards required by the Department. The responsibility of the 
high school will continue through the freshman year in the Teachers Colleges. 

(a.) Plan I. 

Admission by certificate is granted to candidates who present work of 
certificating grade in 12 units as follows: Seven from the prescribed list and 
five others from the list given under IV, 2. The number of units offered is 
subject to the restriction of IV, 2. Personal interviews are required. 

In the case of subjects which continue for two years, the grade for the 
last year must be a certificating grade in order that both units may be 
accepted for certification. If the subjects continue for three or four years, 
the grade for one other year, as well as the grade for the last year, must 
be a certificating grade in order that 3 or 4 units may be accepted for 
certification. 

In the case of English, only 3 units will be accepted among the required 
12 units. A fourth unit of English may be accepted as one of 3 additional 
units. 

(b.) Plan II. 

Students in the upper quarter of the high school or college preparatory 
class are eligible for admission without examination, provided that they have 
completed fifteen units and have received passing grades in the seven units 
listed as "Prescribed/' Personal interviews are required. 

V. Admission by Examination. Students who ore not eligible for admission 
by certificate or by reason of upper-quarter standing as described in the 
foregoing, but who possess a high school diploma or its equivalent, are 
recommended by the high school principal and are interested in teaching, 
may be admitted to the Teachers Colleges on the successful completion of 
aptitude tests prescribed by the Department of Education. Personal interviews 
ore required. If the result of the personal interview is favorable, the standing 
of the applicant will be determined by the scholastic and personality records 
and examination scores. 

VI. Waiting Lists. If the number of applicants for admission who have 
applied by the appointed date is in excess of the number that the facilities 
of the Teachers College will accommodate, the scholastic records and the 
ratings of the personal characteristics of all applicants will be evaluated in 
accordance with the method stated below. Certified candidates, Plans I and 
II, will be admitted first and in that order, as determined by their total scores. 
Candidates for admission by examination will then be admitted in the order 
of their standings, as explained in V, above. Waiting lists will remain in 
force until after the succeeding examination when new waiting lists will be 
established. Vacancies cccurring between examinations will be filled from 
the established list. 

Mil 



(a) Scholarship will be allowed a maximum of 75 points for 15 units 
of work. 

(b) Personality will be allowed a maximum of 25 points. 

As a basis of computing the total score from the scholastic record, as 
submitted by the high school principal, a mark of "A" will be allowed 5 
points; "B" 4 points; "C" 3 points; "D" 2 points. 

As a basis of computing the personality record which includes ten 
characteristics, exclusive of health, a mark of ''Excellent" will be allowed 
2 ] /2 points; "Good" 2 points; "Fair" 1 Vi points; "Poor" 1 point. 

VII. Place and Time of Examinations. Examinations may be taken in 
January, April and September at any State Teachers College including the 
Massachusetts School of Art. Candidates are reminded, however, that in a 
number of the Teachers Colleges the full complement of students may be 
admitted as a result of the January examinations and that the number 
admitted later may be limited to replacements for withdrawals. Students 
who wish to take examinations at a Teachers College other than the one 
for which they are applying should notify in advance the president of the 
college to which they are applying. 

VIM. Admission as Advanced Students. Students who have attended or 
are graduates of normal schools or colleges may be admitted as regular or 
advanced students, under conditions approved by the Department. 



SCHEDULE OF SCHOLASTIC APTITUDE TESTS 

Write for Bulletin of Information 
Department of Education 

200 Newbury Street 
Boston 16, Massachusetts 

College Year Begins 

September 13, 1954 September 12, 1955 September 14, 1956 



LENGTH OF COURSES AND DEGREES 

All undergraduate curricula offered ore four years in length and lead 
to the Bachelor's degree. The degree of Bachelor of Science in Education 
is awarded for the four-year program in all of the State Teachers Colleges 
and for the teacher-education program at the Massachusetts School of Art 
The degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts is awarded for all programs, other than 
teacher-education, at the Massachusetts School of Art. 

The degree of Master of Education is awarded at the State Teachers 
Colleges at Boston, Bridgewater (including the Hyannis Summer Session), 
Fitchburg, North Adams, and Worcester. The State Teachers College at 
Boston offers full-time and part-time graduate programs; the others offer 

M2I 



part-time programs. Graduate courses in partial fulfillment of the require- 
ments for this degree may be offered from time to time in the other State 
Teachers Colleges and the Massachusetts School of Art. 



REQUIREMENTS FOR PROMOTION AND GRADUATION 

1. A system of quality points is in force in all of the State Teachers 
Colleges. Under this system, grades will be given the following values: 
A-4 to 5, B-3 to 3.9, C-2 to 2.9, D-l to 1.9, E-0. 

2. The number of quality points which a student receives in a course 
is determined by multiplying the total number of semester hours in the 
course by the corresponding number of quality points, e.g., a six-semester 
hour course with a rating of "A" has a value of 24 quality points. The 
average is computed by dividing the total number of quality points by the 
total number of semester hours. 

3. The average of the grades required for promotion or graduation is 
two. Students with an average of less than two must withdraw from college 
unless permission to repeat the year is given by the Director of the Teachers 
Colleges on the recommendation of the President for such reasons as illness, 
home difficulties, etc. 

4. Incomplete grades must be made up within eight weeks after the 
opening of the following semester. (No course may be marked "incomplete" 
unless 80% of the work has been done at the time of discontinuance.) 

5. The determination of quality points is made at the end of each 
college year and, excepting when the year is repeated, the number of points 
is not affected by grades in courses subsequently taken and passed. 

6. "E" grades can never be removed, but the subjects in which they 
have been received must be repeated and passed, or, in the case of electives, 
other approved courses must be taken and passed either in approved summer 
sessions, or, when possible, during the regular college year. Continuing sub- 
jects, in which "E" grades have been received, must be successfully repeated 
before the student may take advanced work. Deficiencies incurred during 
the first three years must be removed by courses taken not later than the 
termination of the first semester of the senior year. Deficiencies incurred 
during the first semester of the senior year may be removed in the second 
semester. 

7. The grade for a repeated or alternate course will be recorded in 

the college records as follows: "Repeated or alternate course 

passed at 

(Name) (College) 

with a grade of " 



EXPENSES 

The following summary indicates as nearly as possible the regular 
expenses for which each student must plan in an annual budget: 

[13| 



I Fees for Residents of Massachusetts 

1. $100.00 a year payable in two installments at the beginning 
of each semester. 

2. $3.50 a semester hour — Courses for part-time day students 

3. $9.00 a semester hour — Extension and Summer courses 

II Fees for Non-Residents of Massachusetts 

1. $400.00 a year payable in two installments at beginning of 
each semester. 

2. $12.50 a semester hour — -Extension and Summer courses. 

III. Each applicant for admission to a Massachusetts State Teachers Col- 

lege or the Massachusetts School of Art must pay a registration fee 
of $10.00 following notification of acceptance of admission. This 
fee will be deducted from the tuition of students who attend and 
will be forfeited by those who do not attend. Refunds for students 
leaving the college within six weeks after the beginning of the 
semester will be based on the regularly-established schedule of 
refunds, minus the registration fee. This regulation will be effec- 
tive for students entering en or after September 1, 1955. 

IV. Textbooks and Supplies 

Students are expected to purchase all necessary textbooks and sup- 
plies, at an approximate expense of $50.00 a year. 

V. Other Expenses 

1. Club dues — $1. 

2. Girl's gym outfit — $22 (approximate figure). 

3. Men's gym outfit — $8 (approximate figure). 

4. Class dues and social functions — $10. 

5. Cost of travel depends upon location and mode of travel. 

6. Board and rooms for non-commuting students $18 a week. 

7. Blanket Fee — $12. 

Each student has a chance to participate in some cooperative school 
service, for every student automatically becomes a member of the Coopera- 
tive Association when he pays his blanket fee of $12.00. The blanket fee 
is traditionally paid by every student in the college and should be paid on 
the day when the first semester fee is due. The money collected is used 
to promote activities which will be of benefit to the college at large. 

As a member of the Cooperative Association each student has on 
opportunity to be a member of the Cooperative Council, to serve on various 
committees, to write for the "Log," and to represent his college at various 
conventions. 

All payments must be made in advance, without the presentation of bills. 

These regulations and charges ore subject to change by the Board of 
Education. 



14 






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17 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

The courses offered are listed in alphabetical order according to de- 
partments. The numbering of these courses accords strictly with the fol- 
lowing plan: 

Freshman . . . 101 up 

Sophomores . . . 201 up 

Juniors .... 301 up 

Seniors .... 401 up 

DEPARTMENT OF ART 

Winifred Higgins, Chairman 
Stephen Panosian 

Art 101. Introduction to Art 

The essential art principles of line, form, color, space, and texture are 
stressed in the problems which are given in the two-hour studio period. The 
one-hour lecture period is devoted to illustrated talks on art appreciation. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Art 201. Creative Art Activities 

The art activities ore based upon developing self-expression. A wide 
variety of media is employed: water colors, tempera, clay, and pencil. Textile 
work, block printing, and silk-screen printing are carried on after some 
design work. 

3 periods weekly for two semesters. 
6 semester hours credit. 

Art 332. Elementary School Art 

Problems are carried out in design, color, lettering, illustration, per- 
spective, mural painting, and three-dimensional work. Projects are planned 
for the different grade levels, based on the integrated subject matter of the 
grades to which the students will be assigned during their practice-teaching 
period in the training school. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 
2 semester hours credit. 

Art 333. Junior High School Art 

Creative art is emphasized in design which is applied to block printing, 
textile painting, finger painting, leather and metals, painting of murals, and 
other illustrations. Art activities are based upon ideas developed in social 
studies, literature, music, and other subjects. Field trips to museums ore 
arranged. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

1181 



Art 401. Art Appreciation and Crafts 

The first half of the course pertains to studying the fine arts up to 
the Romanesque period. In the second semester the course is carried down 
to contemporary times. This course analyzes the evolution of form in the 
separate arts and shows how new forms and types have developed as an 
expression of the culture of the present. Field trips are scheduled to the 
museums, galleries and shops in Salem and Boston. 

This course stresses design and its application to metal work, jewelry, 
leather work, and ceramics. The crafts studied in this course can give pleas- 
ure to the student by developing his ability to create in three dimensions. 

3 periods weekly for two semesters. 

3 semester hours credit. 

Art 462. Elementary School Handwork 

This course is designed to teach the place of handwork in our elemen- 
tary school curriculum. Emphasis is given to the use of tools; a knowledge 
of materials and their manipulation; and how these are employed to enrich 
elementary school teaching. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Art 463. Arts and Crafts 

Knowledge and skills necessary to establish a recreational arts and 
crafts program at school, summer camp, or playground are provided. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 
1 semester hour credit. 

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS EDUCATION 

Bruce F. Jeffery, Chairman 
Roger Hardy 
Marion S. Marshall 
Richard H. Rockett 
Janet Smith 
Joseph A. Sullivan 
Beatrice Witham 

Accounting 101. Introductory Course 

This course deals with the fundamentals of bookkeeping, including the 
preparation of balance sheets, income statements, ledger accounts, journals, 
trial balances, working sheets, adjusting and closing entries, and post-closing 
trial balances. 

3 periods weekly for two semesters. 
6 semester hours credit. 

Accounting 201. Intermediate and Advanced Course 

This course deals with a continued study of principles, including control 
accounts, adjustments, partnerships, the voucher system, corporations, and 
manufacturing accounts. 

3 periods weekly for two semesters. 

6 semester hours credit. 

I 191 



Accounting 401. A Course of Problems 

This course consists of advanced problems based upon various business 
associations. Progress depends upon the power of the class. An introduction 
to cost accounting, including the process system, is part of the course. This 
course and its sequel are for the specialist. It is suggested that candidates 
for this elective have at least average grades in Accounting 101 and 201. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Accounting 402. Auditing 

The aim of this course is to acquaint the student with the nature of 
auditing, auditing procedures, and kinds of audits. In addition to the theory, 
there are many problems, the purpose of which is to tax the resourcefulness 
of the student. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Business 101. Business Mathematics 

Topics covered in this course include a review of fundamental opera- 
tions, common fractions and billing, decimal fractions and percentage, in- 
terest, bank discount, mathematics of insurance, trade and cash discount, 
reconciliation of bank statements, handling of checkbook, profit and loss, 
distribution of overhead, and individual income taxes. Some time is devoted 
to table work for use in compound interest and present value. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Business 201. Business Organization 

The aim of this course is to give the student an understanding of business 
practices. Much time is devoted to readings in current literature, including 
modern techniques, and some social science viewpoints and evaluations. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Business 301. Business Law 

The course deals with the unit subjects of contracts, sales, negotiable 
instruments, partnerships, and business corporations, incidental treatment 
of the history and development of our present-day law and judicial procedures. 

3 periods weekly for two semesters. 
6 semester hours credit. 

Business 305. Consumer Education 

This course aims to give the student practical information and training 
as a basis for more intelligent living. It strives to establish a sense of values 
by teaching wise money management, discrimination in buying, and the 
efficient consumer use of business services. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

[20] 



Business 306. Distributive Education 

This course undertakes an analysis of the fundamentals of retail selling 
from the point of view of the merchant and salesperson. A study is made 
of distributive education courses as they operate in the modern secondary 
school. Store and school visits and individual student selling experience pro- 
vide bases for class application of principles. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Business 307. General Business Training 

This is on integrated course, including elements of several business 
subjects. It is valuable as an exploratory and vocational guidance agent. 
Business knowledge, ideals, and attitudes that will help everybody participate 
in the modern business world result from the study of such topics as money, 
banking, insurance, thrift, transportation, investments, and communication. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Office Practice 201. 

This course is designed to teach the fundamental principles of such 
office machines as duplicators, calculators, adding-listing machines, and 
dictating and transcribing machines. Part of the time is devoted to the 
study and practice of various methods of filing. Some time is also spent 
on the methods and organization of such a course for the high school. 

4 periods weekly for one semester. 

3 semester hours credit. 

Shorthand 202. Gregg Shorthand principles 

This is a beginner's course in the principles of Gregg shorthand. Instruc- 
tion is augmented by frequent reading and writing exercises. 

4 periods weekly for one semester. 
4 semester hours credit. 

Shorthand 302. Principles, Dictation, and Transcription 

. This course includes advanced study with a view toward complete mas- 
tery of the principles of Gregg shorthand. Students achieve ability to take 
dictation at the rate of 80 words a minute and to transcribe notes rapidly 
and accurately. 

3 periods weekly for two semesters. 
6 semester hours credit. 

Shorthand 401. Secretarial Technique 

This course is designed to develop further the ability to take shorthand 
notes. -A speed of lOOwords a minute is required and transcription must be 
fast and accurate. Appropriate information is given for the performance 
of other secretarial duties. 

4 periods weekly for one semester. 
3 semester hours credit. 

1211 



Typewriting 101. Foundation Course for Beginners 

Correct typewriting techniques are emphasized as a foundation for 
accuracy and skill. Practice is given in arranging business letters, addressing 
envelopes, using carbon paper, copying from rough drafts, making simple 
tabulations, and in other exercises involving typewriting of practical busi- 
ness materials. Accuracy and speed tests are administered regularly. 

4 periods weekly for two semesters. 

4 semester hours credit. 

Typewriting 201. Typewriting Projects 

This course provides experience on all makes of typewriters, electric and 
manual, and a thorough understanding of their parts and operation. Advanced 
typewriting problems involving difficult tabulations, preparation of manu- 
scripts, legal forms, the making of master copies, stencil cutting, and other 
exercises requiring the use of vocational typewriting skill are presented. 
Correlation with the shorthand class is made effective through special tran- 
scription units. 

3 periods weekly for two semesters. 

3 semester hours credit. 

DEPARTMENT OF EARTH SCIENCE 

James P. Jones, Chairman 
Mildred Berman 
Paul V. Salley 

Geography 103. Fundamentals of Earth Science 

This is a basic course for those interested in geography and science. 
A study is made of the phenomena in the natural world in which we live: 
rocks and minerals, volcanoes, earthquakes, mountain-building, streams, 
ground water, waves and ocean currents, glaciers, wind action, weather, and 
climate. Throughout the course emphasis is directed to the location and 
interpretation of these phenomena on maps, pictures, and diagrams. 

2 periods weekly for two semesters. 

4 semester hours credit. 

Geography 201. Principles of Geography 

This course is basic for advanced regional and systematic geography 
studies. It explains the influence on man's life of contrasting climate fea- 
tures, of diverse land and water forms, and of various elements of location. 

3 periods weekly for two semesters. 
6 semester hours credit. 

Geography 306. Elements of Geography 

A study of selected environmental conditions and their influence on 
man's activities is made in order to give a working knowledge of the inter- 
dependence of peoples. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 

3 semester hours credit. 

1221 



Geography 307 

This course pertains to man's utilization of the major economic resources 
of the earth in relation to geographic regions and world patterns; develop- 
ment and relation of commercial areas to location and availability of 
resources, markets, and transportation routes. The relations of the produc- 
tive occupations to the physical factors of environments are stressed through- 
out the course. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 

3 semester hours credit. 

Geography 309. Geography of North America 

The outstanding geographic regions of North America are examined 
with the emphasis directed toward the types of cccupance and land use, 
particularly in the United States, as shown in selected agricultural and 
urban areas. 

2 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

3 semester hours credit. 

Geography 310. Geography of Europe 

Studies are made of the physical and economic contrasts that dominate 
this land mass. Political divisions ore examined, and emphasis is placed on 
relationships within the continent and with other world areas. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 

3 semester hours credit. 

Geography 311. Geography of Asia 

Studies are made of the contrasts physically and economically dominat- 
ing this great land mass. Political divisions are examined, and emphasis is 
placed on relationship within the continent and with other world areas. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Geography 405. Geography of the Southern Continents 

A study is made of the principal geographic regions of the southern 
continents with particular emphasis on Latin America and Africa. 

2 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

3 semester hours credit. 

Geography 406. Economic Geography 

Selected raw materials and foodstuffs are studied in their relation to 
production, manufacturing, and commerce. The development of modern 
means of transportation, as influenced by geographic factors and as related 
to world trade, is included in the course. Emphasis is given to the study of 
the United States. 

2 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

3 semester hours credit. 

1231 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

George F. Moody, Chairman 

James T. Amsler 

Adele Driscoll 

Leo F. Hennessey 

Helen J. Keily 

Viola I. Munyan 

Leon H. Rockwell 

Education 102. General Psychology 

This course includes a study of individual behavior. The main objective 
is to explore the nature and the importance of the adjustment of the individ- 
ual to his social environment. Means are sought by which human behavior 
may be changed to share and to contribute to the social environment. The 
worth of the individual is emphasized, but the happy and intelligent participa- 
tion of the individual in social institutions is the real measure of his success 
and value as a citizen. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 

3 semester hours credit. 

Education 203. Child Psychology 

This course aims to acquaint students with the growth of the child — 
physically, mentally, emotionally, and socially. The child is studied from 
infancy through adolescense. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Education 204. General Teaching Methods 

The student prepares for his first experience in teaching. He studies 
social objectives in education; the teacher as a social being; principles of 
study; use and selection of textbooks; selection and organization of subject 
matter; lesson types; questioning; and lesson planning. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Education 205. Principles of Minor Logic 

A study is made of the science of correct thinking; the canons and 
criteria of right reasoning. Specific personal and educational problems ore 
considered and interpreted with a view to guiding the student toward a prac- 
tical and intimate application of logic principles. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 
3 semester hours credit. 

Education 301. Educational Psychology 

This course includes the study of the principles of learning, motivation, 
attention and interest, efficiency of learning, transfer of training, individual 
differences, mental health, behavior and personality problems. The objective 

1241 



of the course is to stress the application of the principles of psychology to 
problems of teaching, individual adjustment and guidance in secondary school 
situations. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Education 302. Supervised Student- Teaching in the Training School 

The Campus Training School serves as a laboratory in which students 
engage in the directed study of children, in teaching and in learning situa- 
tions as they are encountered in a modern school. As the study progresses, 
students participate increasingly in the activities of the school to the point 
at which they can undertake the duties of the room teacher. Included in 
this course are several hours weekly of conferences with the supervising 
teachers. 

One-half semester. 

6 semester hours credit. 

Education 324. Guidance in Business Education 

The course provides an introduction to the principles and problems of 
educational and vocational guidance and a study of their application to 
individual junior and senior high school situations. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Handwriting. 

A study is made of the types of copy used in the various grades, and 
emphasis is placed en arranging work and writing in a straight line. Methods 
of teaching handwriting, conducting remedial work, and correlation are also 
included. 

2 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Language Arts. 

This course deals with the areas in a language arts program: speaking; 
listening; basic skills in oral and written communication; and creativity in 
oral and written expression. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 
2 semester hours credit. 

Mathematics. 

This course includes: selection, grade placement, and organization of 
subject matter; adaptation of drill and other learning procedures to individ- 
ual differences; the place of mathematics in the integrated program; collec- 
tion and use of teaching materials; techniques for developing concepts and 
understanding of mathematical principles; testing and remedial procedures. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

1251 



Reading. 

The objective of this course is to acquaint students with established 
procedures in the teaching of reading. The following topics are considered: 
reading readiness; basic attitudes; basic habits and skills; common causes 
of reading difficulties; the purposes of a remedial reading program; and an 
orientation to the recognized basic reading systems. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Science Education. 

The topics considered are: valid objectives for science; philosophy of 
science teaching; sources and organization of materials; correlation of science 
with other areas; principles of audio-visual aids; analysis of science readers; 
lesson planning in science. 

2 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Social Studies. 

The history and geography parts of the curriculum materials course are 
based upon the development of major units of work. Emphasis is placed on 
the particular activities suitable for the teaching of these social studies at 
the elementary and junior high school levels, and on the texts and materials 
necessary to the work. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Total credits — 11 semester hours. 

Education 335. Tests and Measurements in Business Education 

This course presents the terminology used in Tests and Measurements 
essential for the classroom teacher in Business Education. A study is made 
of elementary statistics, function and forms of various tests, and the uses 
of test results. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Education 401. History and Philosophy of Education 

This course is a survey of the history and the philosophy of education 
emphasizing the contributions made by outstanding educators in Europe. 
The biographical material is used to give warmth and to avoid excessive 
abstraction. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Education 402A. Supervised Practice in the Public Schools 

Elementary and Junior High 

This period provides opportunity in the public schools for continuous 
supervised experience in all classroom activities under regular classroom 
conditions. Experience is gained in the study of individual differences, teach- 

1261 



ing techniques, and classroom management. Supervision is given by the 
classroom teacher and by members of the college faculty. 

One-half semester. 

6 semester hours credit. 

Education 402B. Supervised Practice in the Public Schools 

Business Education 

Seniors in the business education department are assigned to selected 
public high schools for an eight-week period of observation and cadet teach- 
ing. They are supervised continuously by the regular high school teachers 
and their work is periodically appraised and evaluated by members of the 
business education department instructional staff. 

One-half semester. 

6 semester hours credit. 

Education 425. Methods of Teaching Bookkeeping 

The course deals with the techniques of instruction in elementary and 
advanced bookkeeping; background of the subject; aims of instruction; place 
and scope of bookkeeping in the high school curriculum; suggested sequences 
of subject-matter presentation; use of practice sets; standard bookkeeping 
tests. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Education 426. Teaching Geography in the Senior High School. 

A survey is made of geography courses taught in high schools. A com- 
parison of high school texts, selection of maps, use of current material, and 




the two most commonly accepted methods ot teaching Gregg Shorthand. 
The course will acquaint the student with textbooks and sources of dictation 
materials, and give some information about prognostic and diagnostic tests 
which will help them analyze the results of their teaching. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Education 429. Methods of Teaching Typewriting 

The course deals with the fundamentals of skill-learning as applied 
to typewriting and techniques for directing the study of the subject; diagnosis 
of common errors; remedial teaching drills; testing; grading; selection of 
textbooks; and correlation of transcription in the typewriting class. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

1271 



Education 445. Audio-Visual Education 

This course is planned to include the study of the important audio- 
visual aids employed in modern teaching, both as to the nature of materials 
for subject enrichment, selection and evaluation in terms of units of work, 
and techniques of classroom use. Some attention will be given to organiza- 
tion and administration of an audio-visual program. Students will be given 
opportunity to operate projectors and other audio-visual equipment, and to 
acquaint themselves with sources of information on filmstrips, films, and 
other teaching aids. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Education 446. Professional Ethics 

The meaning and importance of ethics are studied, especially in their 
application to the professions. Codes of ethics for teachers ore given partic- 
ular consideration, including their application in case situations. 

1 period weekly for one semester. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Education 450. Psychology 

This course considers principles of learning, motivation, attention, and 
interests, efficiency of learning, transfer of training, individual differences, 
mental health, behavior and personality problems that might be met by the 
elementary and junior high teacher. The purpose of the course is to stress 
the application of the principles of psychology to various problems expe- 
rienced in elementary and junior high school situations. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 




Education 454. Principles of Business Education 



This is a general background course for the preparation of business 
teachers. It deals with the study of the origin, development, and present 
status of business education in various types of institutions; a general survey 
of high school business education; contribution of business education to 
general education; business education programs in large and small high 
schools; training for various business occupations; development of courses 
of study in business education. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 
2 semester hours credit. 

Education 458. Home Economics 

This is an introductory course in home economics, aimed to help the 
student in her personal living, to provide suggestions that she can use as a 

1281 



classroom teacher in the promcticn of worthy home membership, and to 
give information that will be useful to her as a future homemaker. 
2 periods weekly for one semester. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Education 459. Tests and Measurements 

This course considers the history of the development of tests and meas- 
urements, the necessity for tests, the scope of measurement, selecticn of 
tests, comparison of teacher-made tests with standardized tests, simple statis- 
tics, and the interpretation of test scores. The purpose of the course is to 
acquaint the student with the terminology and application of testing tech- 
niques in classroom situations. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Education 461. Secondary Education Principles and Trends 

The course traces the development of secondary education in the United 
States. It is concerned with the present-day essential purposes of secondary 
education; methods related to the recent developments in the curriculum 
area; organization and types of p/ograms; current trends, practices and 
methods of teaching in each of the three major teaching plans; diagnosis of 
learning difficulties; lesson plans and assignments of various types; discipline 
and classroom management; the evaluation of outcomes. 

4 pericds weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Education 464. Education for Citizenship 

The purpose of this course is to stimulate active citizenship by an 
evaluation and appreciation of the basic concepts of our democratic way 
of life. It aims to help the student to select the best possible course of civic 
action available to him as an adult. 

2 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

3 semester hours credit. 

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH 

Gertrude Burnham, Chairman 
Mary E. Casey 
Serena G. Hall 
Mary M. Jones 

English 101. Literary Types 

The purpose cf this course is to develop a knowledge and appreciation 
of novels, dramas, and poetry through wide reading. Frequent reports and 
analyses are required. 

3 pericds weekly for two semesters. 

6 semester hours credit. 

129! 



English 104. College Composition 

The major emphasis of this course is on the sound organization of ideas, 
well-planned sentences, and accurate phrasing and wording. The course also 
includes a study of grammatical fundamentals, stressing paragraph structure, 
spelling, and punctuation. 

2 periods weekly for two semesters. 
4 semester hours credit. 

English 201. A Survey of English and American Literature 

This course provides a study of the literature of England and America 
in sequences of literary periods. Detailed analysis is made of certain types 
whose thought, idealism, and human interest are certain to enrich cultural 
and professional background. The work comprises outside reading, oral and 
written reports, discussions, and lectures. 

3 periods weekly for two semesters. 
6 semester hours credit. 

English 202. World Classics 

Representative books written during the great periods of literary and 
intellectual development ore read. Emphasis is on the contributions of the 
Western world to our heritage. 

3 periods weekly for two semesters. 

6 semester hours credit. 

English 304. Contemporary Literature 

Trends in the drama, fiction, poetry, and nonfiction of English and 
American authors since 1914 are analyzed. The course is designed to 
develop an understanding and critical judgment of contemporary literature. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 

3 semester hours credit. 

English 305. Creative Writing 

The aim is to promote initiative in self-expression. Students are encour- 
aged to develop original ideas, inclinations, and preferences in working out 
their writing problems. The reading of selected prose and poetry stimulates 
suggestions for the adoption of effective stylistic techniques and devices. 
Individual conferences and constructive criticism are essential elements of 
the working procedure of this course. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

English 402. Contemporary Literature 

The major trends in drama, fiction, and poetry of English and American 
authors since 1914 are analyzed. The basic aim of the course is to develop 
an appreciation of contemporary literature. 

2 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

3 semester hours credit. 

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English 403. Junior High School Literature 

The course aims to acquaint junior high school students with the wealth 
of literature available for children of junior high school age. It covers the 
history of children's literature, and places considerable emphasis on contem- 
porary books, their authors, and illustrators. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

English 404. Children's Literature 

This course aims to present standards for selecting literature for school 
children, to acquaint the student with available material and to evaluate it 
in the light of established standards and present-day trends. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 



DEPARTMENT OF FRENCH 

Richard H. Rockett, Chairman 

French 101. Grammar, Composition, and Translation 

A study is made of French grammar in conjunction with oral and written 
composition; reading and discussion of plays and stories are a part of this 
course. 

2 periods weekly for two semesters. 

4 semester hours credit. 

French 201. Composition, Reading and Conversation 

Advanced composition is based on French texts; there is dictation, 
conversation, and reading of modern and classical authors. The course is 
designed to give the student practice in writing and speaking the language 
and to enable him to read easily and absorb the contents of the texts. 

4 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

6 semester hours credit. 

French 301. Written and Oral Expression. 

A thorough review is made of French grammar with particular emphasis 
on the most difficult constructions; there is drill in the use of idioms and the 
translation of texts dealing with French life and customs as well as with the 
geography and history of France. 

4 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

5 semester hours credit. 

French 401. Contemporary French Theater and Novel 

A study is made of prewar and postwar tendencies with particular em- 
phasis on plays and novels; oral and written reports are made. 
4 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

6 semester hours credit. 

131 I 



DEPARTMENT OF HANDWRITING 

Daniel F. Harrigan, Chairman 
Stephen Panosian 

Handwriting 101. Fundamentals of Good Handwriting 

This course is designed to improve and develop personal writing ability 
through self-analysis and directed practice. Standard letter forms, both 
cursive and manuscript, are studied, and the recognized essentials of good 
handwriting are stressed. 

1 period weekly for two semesters. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Handwriting 305. Blackboard Writing and Handwriting Methods 

This course seeks through supervised practice to develop the ability 
to write good blackboard copy. A study is made of the types of copy used 
in the various grades, and emphasis is placed en arranging work, remedial 
work, and correlation. 

1 period weekly for two semesters. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Handwriting 427. Advanced Course in Lettering and Engraving 

This is a course in effective pen lettering suitable for use in diploma 
filling, making of resolutions, and honor rolls. Practice is given in various 
styles of text lettering and engrosser's script. 

1 period weekly for one semester. 

1 semester hour credit. 

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS 

Mildred B. Stone, Chairman 
J. Raymond Silva 

Mathematics 102. College Algebra 

This course is designed to give technical competence in the fundamental 
operations of algebra, to develop a degree of mastery in the solution of equa- 
tions, to introduce new concepts in progressions, complex numbers, etc., and 
to strengthen skills in problem solving. This phase of the work, though tech- 
nical, will provide the necessary background for further work in the field 
of mathematics. 

2 periods weekly for 2 semesters. 
4 semester hours credit. 

Mathematics 104. Introduction to Mathematics 

An effort is made to develop mature concepts of our number system, 
genuine understanding of the principles underlying computation procedures, 
greater versatility in the use of the tools of mathematics, historical back- 
ground necessary for the appreciation of the contributions of arithmetic, and 
a working knowledge of the consumer mathematics needed for economic 
competence. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 
3 semester hours credit. 

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Mathematics 204. Trigonometry and Analytic Geometry 

The content of the course includes: the functions of angles, the solu- 
tion of right and of oblique triangles, general formulas and logarithms, the 
study of Cartesian co-ordinates, straight line, circle, parabola, ellipse, hyper- 
bola, polar co-ordinates, transformation of co-ordinates, tangents, and 
normals. 

3 periods weekly for 2 semesters. 
6 semester hours credit. 

Mathematics 302. Calculus 

This course deals with the meaning of derivatives; the value and develop- 
ment of formulas and their application to problems involving slopes, rates, 
velocities, etc.; and the meaning and use of integration. 

5 periods per week for one semester. 

5 semester hours credit. 

Mathematics 403. Integral Calculus 

This course deals with the basic concept of integration as the limit of 
a sum, geometrical applications of this concept, a systematic study of in- 
tegration, solutions of problems from the physical sciences by use of these 
techniques, the power expansions of functions into infinite series, and some 
introductory work in differential equations. 

4 periods weekly for one and one-half semester. 

6 semester hours credit. 

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC 

Timothy F. Clifford, Chairman 
Stephen Panosian 

Musk 101. Nature and Significance of Music 

Two approaches are used in this course — music in life and music for 
the classroom. Through lecture and recordings music is studied as one of 
the fine arts; form in music and instruments of the symphony orchestra are 
illustrated and discussed. Singing skills and elements of theory used in the 
grade school music program are reviewed. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Music 201. Human Values in Music 

In this course an examination into the aesthetics of music is made. 
The influence of music on the peoples of various lands and periods, and the 
correlation of music with the other arts are explored. 

3 periods weekly for 2 semesters. 
6 semester hours credit. 

Music 330. Elementary School Music 

This course presents the theory and practice of school music teaching. 
Lectures, demonstration, and practice teaching in the classroom and in the 
training school are planned to develop security in guiding a five-fold music 
program. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 
2 semester hours credit. 

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Music 331. Junior High School Music 

This course presents the theory and practice of teaching music in grades 
seven through nine. Emphasis is placed on student competence in organizing 
the vocal work and the music appreciation used in the general music class. 
Practice in music teaching is offered in the training school. 

4 periods weekly for one-half semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Music 401. Survey of Music 

This course is a continuation of the music experiences begun in Music 
101. It includes simple piano accompaniment, playing rhythm band instru- 
ments, listening activities, creative music, and program-making. 

2 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

3 semester hours credit. 

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Physical Education for Women 

Mira Wallace, Chairman 
Helen T. Mackey 

Physical Education for Men 

Lawrence T. Lowrey, Chairman 

Physical Education 101 (M) Activities. 

General gymnasium work is provided, including corrective and remedial 
exercises, marching tactics, group contests, sports, and games. 

Physical Education 101 (M) Physiology 

The purpose of this course is to stimulate students to think for them- 
selves in matters of human function and health behavior. The course aims 
to present the physiological background for proper health habits. First Aid 
is studied, and a Standard Red Cross certificate is awarded to those passing 
the course. 

3 periods a week for two semesters. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Physical Education 101 (W) Activities. 

This course is designed to give fundamental techniques, rules, and 
principles in all important phases of physical activities. Special attention is 
given to individual needs, as determined by physical examinations given 
upon admission. Individual and team games and sports, square, tap, and 
social dancing, and body mechanics are stressed. 

Physical Education 101 (W) Physiology. 

A study is made of the fundamental aspects of healthy adult living, 
including the factors pertaining to adult hygiene. The course aims to 
encourage improvement of individual health habits and their adaptation to 
adult environment. First Aid is studied and a Standard Red Cross certifi- 
cate is awarded to those passing the course. 

3 periods weekly for two semesters. 

1 semester hour credit. 

1341 



Physical Education 201 (M) Activities. 

This course is on intensification of the program of the freshman year 
with particular stress on major sports. Attention is directed toward those 
qualities which characterize the successful teacher of physical education. 

2 periods weekly for two semesters. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Physical Education 201 (W) Activities. 

Increased skill and achievement are sought in the continuation of all 
activities. Opportunities are provided to coach, teach, and officiate games, 
and develop powers of leadership. 

2 periods weekly for two semesters. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Physical Education 308 (W) 

This course for women includes the study of coaching, officiating, and 
participating in individual and group activities and games. 

2 periods weekly for two semesters. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Physical Education 308 (M ) 

This course for men presents methods of instruction and participation 
in a variety of activities and games. Corrective exercises are provided when 
necessary. 

2 periods weekly for two semesters. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Physical Education 321. Health Education 

This course includes thorough study of school health education mate- 
rials, activities, and teaching procedures. Emphasis is placed upon the 
teacher's part in the health guidance of the school child. 

2 periods weekly for one-half semester. 
1 semester hour credit. 

Physical Education 329 (W) Theory of Physical Education Activities 

A continuation of physical activities suitable for adults is provided. 
A study is made of the program of Physical Education in the elementary and 
junior high schools. Study is made of the theory of Physical Education as 
it applies to the teaching of activities appropriate for use in the elementary 
and junior high grades. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 
1 semester hour credit. 

Physical Education 329 (M) Theory of Physical Education Activities 

Consideration of the physical education program in the first nine grades 
is provided. Advanced activities embody a proper stress on the theory of 
physical education. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 

1 semester hour credit. 

1351 



Physical Education 456 (W) Procedures in Physical Education Activities 

Activities are designed to further the techniques in sports and individual 
and group activities. Opportunities are provided for coaching and supervising 
tea m contests. 

2 periods weekly for one and cne-half semesters. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Physical Education 456 (M) Procedures in Physical Education Activities 

This course deals with coaching techniques, with particular emphasis 
on the major sports. An attempt is made to discover and develop individual 
aptitudes. 

2 periods weekly for one and cne-half semesters. 
1 semester hour credit. 

DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE 

James B. Sullivan, Chairman Biological Science 
Earle S. Collins, Chairman Physical Science 
J. Clifford Geer 
Thomas I. Ryan 

Science 101. Biological Science 

The course presents a systematic, comparative, and integrated study 
of the major groups in the plant and animal kingdoms. Selected representa- 
tives from each phylum are considered in the light of their ecological and 
economic importance. Principles of anatomy, physiology, growth and devel- 
opment, heredity, evolution, ecology, health, and conservation are stressed. 

At least two local field trips are arranged during the year. Simple 
laboratory techniques including the manipulation of various types of micro- 
scopes are taught. 

In addition to achieving some of the aims and objectives of general 
education, the material presented provides adequate background for advanced 
work in biology and science teaching at all levels. 

4 periods weekly for 2 semesters. 

6 semester hours credit. 

Science 102. Physical Science 

This course is designed to fit the needs of students who studied relatively 
little science in secondary schools. Some attention is given to the applica- 
tions of science to industry and commerce, as well as to the avccational 
values of science study. Instruction is enriched with demonstrations, audio- 
visual aids, and field trips. 

2 periods weekly for 2 semesters. 

4 semester hours credit. 

Science 201. Physical Science 

This course provides a study of the broad field of the physical sciences, 
touching those phases of chemistry, astronomy, and physics in which inhere 
definite cultural values. Lecture-demonstrations and audio-visual aids ore 

1361 



liberally employed. Students a:e expected to supplement study of the text 
with outside reading and to shew an alertness for curient illustrative material. 

2 periods weekly for two semesters. 

4 semester hours credit. 

Science 202. Nature Study 

This course provides information about and contact with trees, flowers, 
birds, insects, gardens, and other nature forms, thus enabling the student 
to appreciate better his environment. Correct habits are established for self- 
study in the field. 

3 periods weekly for 2 semesters. 
6 semester hours credit. 

Science 305. Problems and Experiences in the Physical Sciences 

This course is primarily concerned with getting students ready for a 
creditable performance in science-teaching in the training school; it is 
also a foundation for later professional work in the classroom. There is 
ample opportunity for amplification of background, setting up apparatus, 
giving demonstrations, and becoming familiar with audio-visual equipment. 

5 periods weekly for 1 semester. 

5 semester hours credit. 

Science 401. Economic Biology 

In this course a survey is made of the plant and animal world with 
emphasis on those findings of biological science which bear vitally on human 
existence, such as those which deal with food problems, health, disease, etc. 
Opportunity is given for research on important aspects of biological science 
which are of practical value. 

4 periods weekly for cne and one-half semesters. 

6 semester hours credit. 

Science 403. Advanced Physical Science 

This course is designed for students who wish to improve their back- 
ground in science. Laboratory work, pertinent outside reading, and several 
field trips are part of the course. 

4 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

6 semester hours credit. 

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCE 

Edna M. McGlynn, Chairman 

Margaret W. Dower 

James P. Jones 

Charles F. Kiefer 

Marion S. Marshall 

J. Raymond Silva 

History 101. World History 

In this course efforts are made to present a clear, concise narrative 
of the history of civilization from ancient times to the present, stressing and 
interpreting social, cultural, economic, and political development. 

1371 



3 periods weekly for 2 semesters. 
6 semester hours credit. 

2 periods weekly for 2 semesters. 

4 semester hours credit (Commercial). 

History 201. Advanced United States History 

This course traces the growth of this nation from its humble origin in 
scattered settlements along the Atlantic seaboard and in the American 
Southwest to its emergence as the great world power of today. Attention is 
given to the forces and personalities that have molded American culture 
in the belief that an intelligent understanding of present-day United States 
will result. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 
3 semester hours credit. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit (Commercial). 

History 202. United States Constitutional Government 

This course is primarily concerned with Americal political institutions 
on the national level though not to the exclusion of state and local levels. 
The Federal Constitution — its origin, content, and interpretation, the struc- 
ture and functions of government, the enduring principles, the persistent 
trends and the conflict of interests are dealt with on the national level. 
The origin and content of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts and the structure and functions of state and local governmental 
agencies are also studied. 

3 periods weekly for one semester. 

3 semester hours credit. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 
2 semester hours credit (Commercial). 

History 302. Problems in American History 

American social, political and economic problems will be approached 
primarily through contemporary writings — letters, diaries, autobiographies, 
newspapers, and official 'documents. Attention will be given to the circum- 
stances out of which the problems arose, the conflicting and contrasting points 
of view concerning the issues, and proposals, past and present, for alleviation 
or elimination. 

5 periods weekly for one semester. 

5 semester hours credit. 

History 401. International Affairs 

A study is made of the present problems and policies of major European 
and Asiatic nations and their effect on other nations. The ideologies of 
communism, fascism, socialism, nationalism, imperialism, and international- 
ism are carefully analyzed. Research papers are required. 

4 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

6 semester hours credit. 

1381 



Economics 401. Principles and Problems of Economics 

This course is a study of the structure of the United States capitalistic 
system as it functions in current economic situations. The topics discussed 
are analysis of national income; the price mechanism; competitive and 
monopolistic forms; currency, credit, and banking; labor unions; the distri- 
bution of income among the factors of production. Newspapers and current 
materials are used for illustrative purposes. 

3 periods weekly for one and one-half semesters. 

3 semester hours credit. 

Economics 403. Principles of Economics 

A survey is made first of the American economy as to how the modern 
economy evolved and the nature ad development of the free enterprise system 
in the United States. Fundamental economic concepts are covered; national 
income, national products, market, money exchange, distribution. Present 
problems of the American economy are discussed in relation to the funda- 
mental concepts. Short research papers are required. 

2 periods weekly for one semester. 

2 semester hours credit. 

Sociology 301. Principles and Problems of Sociology 

Sociology 301 is the same course as Sociology 401 except that 301 is 
offered to Business Education Juniors. 

3 periods per week for one semester. 
3 semester hours credit. 

Sociology 401. Principles and Problems of Sociology 

The student considers modern man and his culture, analyzing relation- 
ship between present-day culture and heredity, environment, race, and 
population. To understand better the nature of man and his culture, the 
student examines basic facts concerning prehistoric and primitive man. 
Present social problems are considered throughout the course to enable the 
student to see practical applications of sociological principles. Short research 
papers are required. 

2 periods weekly for one and one-half semester. 

3 semester hours credit. 

DEPARTMENT OF SPEECH 

Lillian M. Hoff, Chairman 
Mario S. Marshall 
Richard H. Rockett 

Speech 101. Fundamentals of Good Speech 

In this course an effort is made to develop greater efficiency in oral 
expression by the elimination of common speech errors and undesirable 
mannerisms. Whenever necessary, special attention is given to individual 
cases to bring them up to the standard of the class. 

1 period weekly for two semesters. 

1 semester hour credit. 

1391 



Speech 202. Parliamentary Law 

The purpose of this course is to familiarize students with all motions 
commonly used in a deliberative assembly, to afford them an opportunity 
to exemplify these motions in the classroom, and to prepare them for active 
participation in meetings during college life and thereafter. 

1 period weekly for two semesters. 

1 semester hour credit. 

Speech 302. Speech Construction and Delivery 

This course is planned to provide practical training in the preparation 
and delivery of various types of speeches; to teach platform courtesy and 
procedures; to present standard procedures in formal and informal panel 
discussions; to give facility in the organization and presentation of classroom 
material; to acquaint the sludent with the mechanics of correct phonetic 
production; to eliminate defects in the voice and posture; and to develop in 
the student the ability to speak and read easily, confidently, and forcefully. 

1 period weekly for two semesters. 
1 semester hour credit. 

Speech 401. Dramatics, Debating, and Platform Oratory 

This course is concerned with the oral interpretation of literature; the 
value of dramatics in school programs; methods of debate, discussion, leader- 
ship, platform work; and simple techniques of interviewing. The course 
strives to help student teachers in the speech education of children. 

1 period weekly for one semester. 

1 semester hour credit. 



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